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Sometimes, a big company that has developed business broadly needs to be divided based on their business categories. However, it will be effective if the divided, independent companies, hereby called as subsidiaries, are controlled and managed by certain central leader. Therefore, those subsidiaries and other former companies with the same owner or correlated by particular relation are managed and owned by an independent parent company. This parent company is what is defined as holding company.doi:10.24269/ls.v2i1.1010 fatcat:rjsz3sef2rfjnlpsjsywbe2xui