Partner Violence and Major Depression in Women: A Community Study of Chinese Americans
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
This cross-sectional, retrospective study used epidemiological and anthropological methods toward two aims: 1) to examine associations between partner violence and major depression in a community probability sample of women and 2) to provide new data on partner violence in Chinese Americans. In this study, 181 Chinese American women were interviewed, with 178 completing structured sections on CIDI 2.1 major depression and on partner violence history. Results indicate that a history of partner
... olence is associated with significantly higher rates of lifetime, 12-month, and current major depression in this community population. This effect is specific and independent of other factors. Partner violence also has a dose-response relationship with the severity of major depression episodes, increasing risk for severe and moderate episodes. The strength and specificity of this association, its dose-response effect, and its commonality across different populations suggest a possible causal role for partner violence needing further investigation in research on major depression in women. (J Nerv Ment Dis 2003;191: 722-729) Multivariate regression weighted for probability of selection in household and adjusted for education. c Crude odds ratios d According to CIDI 2.1 criteria for severity of worst major depression episode in lifetime. a Multivariate logistic regression weighted for probability of sampling in the household. b From 2 likelihood-ratio testing in multivariate logistic regression. Adjusted for the effect of the other variable.