Motivation, Forschungsproduktivität und Karriereverläufe von medizinischen Promovenden
The aim of this doctoral thesis is to expand the current state of scientific knowledge about the German medical doctorate as well as attributes, activities and intentions of medical doctoral students. Special attention is given to the investigation of the influences of structured doctoral study programs, since development and expansion of such programs are considered crucial in improving scientific education of medical students. However, there are only few scientific findings about effects and
... about effects and benefits of such programs. The overarching research question of the present cumulative dissertation is: Which factors – especially participation in a structured doctoral study program – influence motivation, process of the doctorate, publication productivity and career development of medical doctoral students? The results of the two studies show differences between students completing a structured doctoral study program and students doing their doctorate individually at the beginning of their doctorate as well as during and after doctoral graduation: Students in a structured doctoral study program have higher intrinsic research motivation, more often choose ambitious subjects for their doctorates and expect to learn scientific competencies during their doctorate (for example scientific writing and publishing or conference participation). Furthermore, program participants publish significantly more scientific publications during and after their doctoral graduation and with higher impact factors than students doing their doctorate individually. Further significant results found in the second study concern higher publication productivity of men as well as positive effects of an early doctoral graduation and excellent or very good grades on publication productivity. The studies' results highlight the importance of structured doctoral study programs in medicine in preparing and recruiting medical students for scientific careers. Furthermore, promoting women in academic medicine is highly recommended.