Efficiency Enhancement of Silicon Solar Cells by Porous Silicon Technology

Eugenijus SHATKOVSKIS, Viktor ZAGADSKIJ, Ramūnas MITKEVIČIUS, Jolanta STUPAKOVA
2012 Medžiagotyra  
Silicon solar cells produced by a usual technology in p-type, crystalline silicon wafer were investigated. The manufactured solar cells were of total thickness 450 μm, the junction depth was of 0.5 μm -0.7 μm. Porous silicon technologies were adapted to enhance cell efficiency. The production of porous silicon layer was carried out in HF: ethanol = 1 : 2 volume ratio electrolytes, illuminating by 50 W halogen lamps at the time of processing. The etching current was computer-controlled in the
more » ... ontrolled in the limits of (6 ÷ 14) mA/cm 2 , etching time was set in the interval of (10 ÷ 20) s. The characteristics and performance of the solar cells samples was carried out illuminating by Xenon 5000 K lamp light. Current-voltage characteristic studies have shown that porous silicon structures produced affect the extent of dark and lighting parameters of the samples. Exactly it affects current-voltage characteristic and serial resistance of the cells. It has shown, the formation of porous silicon structure causes an increase in the electric power created of solar cell. Conversion efficiency increases also respectively to the initial efficiency of cell. Increase of solar cell maximum power in 15 or even more percent is found. The highest increase in power have been observed in the spectral range of Δλ ≅ (450 ÷ 850) nm, where ~ 60 % of the A1.5 spectra solar energy is located. It has been demonstrated that porous silicon technology is effective tool to improve the silicon solar cells performance.
doi:10.5755/j01.ms.18.3.2428 fatcat:mlrrz6feffbatbc2r5zqup72pq