Bacteriological Profile of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Patients Admitted with Acute Exacerbation at a Tertiary Care Centre

Dr J. Lancy, Professor & HOD, Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Ernakulam
2019 Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research  
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death in the world. COPD exacerbations constitute a significant burden on patients and healthcare systems. A study on 'Bacteriological profile of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease' was conducted in the Department of Microbiology at Government medical college, Ernakulam for a period of 1 year from 1/3/2016 to 28/2/2017.Out of 105 sputum samples tested, 24 of 49 mucopurulent samples (49%) and 13 of 21 purulent samples
more » ... 21 purulent samples (62%) were culture positive for pathogenic bacteria. The most common bacteria isolated was Pseudomonas aeruginosa (35%) followed by Acinetobacter species (20%), Hemophilus influenzae (17.5%), E.coli (10%), Klebsiella species (7.5%), Staphylococcus aureus (7.5%) Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (2.5%). Multi drug resistant bacteria comprised of 40% of the isolates. The mortality rate was 15 % among culture positive patients.
doi:10.18535/jmscr/v7i11.12 fatcat:a45alzn4rzgbldamsrhousic7a