Dephasing and hyperfine interaction in carbon nanotubes double quantum dots: Disordered case
Physical Review B
We study theoretically the return probability experiment, used to measure the dephasing time T_2^*, in a double quantum dot (DQD) in semiconducting carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with spin-orbit coupling and disorder induced valley mixing. Dephasing is due to hyperfine interaction with the spins of the ^13C nuclei. Due to the valley and spin degrees of freedom four bounded states exist for any given longitudinal mode in the quantum dot. At zero magnetic field the spin-orbit coupling and the valley
... ng split those four states into two Kramers doublets. The valley mixing term for a given dot is determined by the intra-dot disorder and therefore the states in the Kramers doublets belonging to different dots are different. We show how nonzero single-particle interdot tunneling amplitudes between states belonging to different doublets give rise to new avoided crossings, as a function of detuning, in the relevant two particle spectrum, crossing over from the two electrons in one dot states configuration, (0,2), to the one electron in each dot configuration, (1,1). In contrast to the clean system, multiple Landau-Zener processes affect the separation and the joining stages of each single-shot measurement and they affect the outcome of the measurement in a way that strongly depends on the initial state. We find that a well-defined return probability experiment is realized when, at each single-shot cycle, the (0,2) ground state is prepared. In this case, valley mixing increases the saturation value of the measured return probability, whereas the probability to return to the (0,2) ground state remains unchanged. Finally, we study the effect of the valley mixing in the high magnetic field limit; for a parallel magnetic field the predictions coincide with a clean nanotube, while the disorder effect is always relevant with a magnetic field perpendicular to the nanotube axis.