PYTHIA: Deep Learning Approach for Local Protein Conformation Prediction

Gabriel Cretin, Tatiana Galochkina, Alexandre G. de Brevern, Jean-Christophe Gelly
2021 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Protein Blocks (PBs) are a widely used structural alphabet describing local protein backbone conformation in terms of 16 possible conformational states, adopted by five consecutive amino acids. The representation of complex protein 3D structures as 1D PB sequences was previously successfully applied to protein structure alignment and protein structure prediction. In the current study, we present a new model, PYTHIA (predicting any conformation at high accuracy), for the prediction of the
more » ... local conformations in terms of PBs directly from the amino acid sequence. PYTHIA is based on a deep residual inception-inside-inception neural network with convolutional block attention modules, predicting 1 of 16 PB classes from evolutionary information combined to physicochemical properties of individual amino acids. PYTHIA clearly outperforms the LOCUSTRA reference method for all PB classes and demonstrates great performance for PB prediction on particularly challenging proteins from the CASP14 free modelling category.
doi:10.3390/ijms22168831 pmid:34445537 pmcid:PMC8396346 fatcat:5zsgh7ajtnaqlmlmctya5qlkia