Manipulation and grasping forces in manipulation by multi-fingered hands

T. Yoshikawa, K. Nagai
Proceedings. 1987 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation  
Neurotechnology attempts to develop supernumerary limbs, but can the human brain deal with the complexity to control an extra limb and yield advantages from it? Here, we analyzed the neuromechanics and manipulation abilities of two polydactyly subjects who each possess six fingers on their hands. Anatomical MRI of the supernumerary finger (SF) revealed that it is actuated by extra muscles and nerves, and fMRI identified a distinct cortical representation of the SF. In both subjects, the SF was
more » ... bjects, the SF was able to move independently from the other fingers. Polydactyly subjects were able to coordinate the SF with their other fingers for more complex movements than five fingered subjects, and so carry out with only one hand tasks normally requiring two hands. These results demonstrate that a body with significantly more degreesof-freedom can be controlled by the human nervous system without causing motor deficits or impairments and can instead provide superior manipulation abilities.
doi:10.1109/robot.1987.1087896 dblp:conf/icra/YoshikawaN87 fatcat:fw3p4j3bmvdrlahz7aaksqmcm4