Identification of a Reliable Biomarker Profile for the Diagnosis of Gaucher Disease Type 1 Patients Using a Mass Spectrometry-Based Metabolomic Approach

Iskren Menkovic, Michel Boutin, Abdulfatah Alayoubi, François E. Mercier, Georges-Étienne Rivard, Christiane Auray-Blais
2020 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Gaucher disease (GD) is a rare autosomal recessive multisystemic lysosomal storage disorder presenting a marked phenotypic and genotypic variability. GD is caused by a deficiency in the glucocerebrosidase enzyme. The diagnosis of GD remains challenging because of the large clinical spectrum associated with the disease. Moreover, GD biomarkers are often not sensitive enough and can be subject to polymorphic variations. The main objective of this study was to perform a metabolomic study using an
more » ... ltra-performance liquid chromatography system coupled to a time-of-flight mass spectrometer to identify novel GD biomarkers. Following the analysis of plasma samples from patients with GD, and age- and gender-matched control samples, supervised statistical analyses were used to find the best molecules to differentiate the two groups. Targeted biomarkers were structurally elucidated using accurate mass measurements and tandem mass spectrometry. This metabolomic study was successful in highlighting seven biomarkers associated with GD. Fragmentation tests revealed that these latter biomarkers were lyso-Gb1 (glucosylsphingosine) and four related analogs (with the following modifications on the sphingosine moiety: -C2H4, -H2, -H2+O, and +H2O), sphingosylphosphorylcholine, and N-palmitoyl-O-phosphocholineserine. Based on the plasma biomarker distribution, we suggest the evaluation of this GD biomarker profile, which might facilitate early diagnosis, monitoring, and follow-up of patients.
doi:10.3390/ijms21217869 pmid:33114153 fatcat:tqx3b5c3wzalhfvcrydy2tjygm