Melanoma Genetics: Recent Findings Take Us Beyond Well-Traveled Pathways

Matthew H. Law, Stuart MacGregor, Nicholas K. Hayward
2012 Journal of Investigative Dermatology  
Genetic linkage and candidate gene studies have identified a number of genes involved in melanoma susceptibility, such as MC1R and CDKN2A, via the endophenotypes of pigmentation and nevus proliferation. A series of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in 2008 and 2009 showed that a handful of additional genes (e.g., ASIP, TYR, and PLA2G6) influencing these endophenotypes also affected melanoma risk. The most recent wave of melanoma GWASs has uncovered genes functioning independently of the
more » ... ependently of the known melanomaassociated phenotypes, highlighting the role of processes such as DNA repair and cell cycle control. We take this opportunity to summarize these new and exciting findings and integrate them into the current framework of our understanding of melanoma genetics.
doi:10.1038/jid.2012.75 pmid:22475760 fatcat:c3k3wyq4ujbwxds2o7hl7ax5m4