Fluid and flexible minds: Intelligence reflects synchrony in the brain's intrinsic network architecture

Michael A. Ferguson, Jeffrey S. Anderson, R. Nathan Spreng
2017 Network Neuroscience  
Human intelligence has been conceptualized as a complex system of dissociable cognitive processes, yet studies investigating the neural basis of intelligence have typically emphasized the contributions of discrete brain regions or, more recently, of specific networks of functionally connected regions. Here we take a broader, systems perspective in order to investigate whether intelligence is an emergent property of synchrony within the brain's intrinsic network architecture. Using a large
more » ... of resting-state fMRI and cognitive data (n = 830), we report that the synchrony of functional interactions within and across distributed brain networks reliably predicts fluid and flexible intellectual functioning. By adopting a whole-brain, systems-level approach, we were able to reliably predict individual differences in human intelligence by characterizing features of the brain's intrinsic network architecture. These findings hold promise for the eventual development of neural markers to predict changes in intellectual function that are associated with neurodevelopment, normal aging, and brain disease.
doi:10.1162/netn_a_00010 pmid:29911673 pmcid:PMC5988392 fatcat:orrfumn5tbbthoeejq5yohm3pe