Changes over time and transfer of analogy-problem solving of gifted and non-gifted children in a dynamic testing setting

Bart Vogelaar, Wilma C. M. Resing
2017 Educational Psychology  
This study examined differences in transfer of analogical reasoning after analogy-problem solving between 40 gifted and 95 averageability children (aged 9-10 years old), utilising dynamic testing principles. This approach was used in order to examine potential differences between gifted and average-ability children in relation to progression after training, and with regard to the question whether training children in analogy problem-solving elicits transfer of analogical reasoning skills to an
more » ... nalogy construction-task. Children were allocated to one of two experimental conditions: either children received unguided practice in analogy problem-solving, or they were provided with this in addition to training incorporating graduated prompting techniques. The results showed that gifted and average-ability children who were trained made more progress in analogy problem-solving than their peers who received unguided practice experiences only. Gifted and average-ability children were found to show similar progression in analogy problem-solving, and gifted children did not appear to have an advantage in the analogyconstruction transfer task. The dynamic training seemed to bring about no additional improvement on the transfer task over that of unguided practice experiences only. © 2017 the author(s). Published by informa uK limited, trading as taylor & Francis group. this is an open access article distributed under the terms of the creative commons attribution-noncommercial-noderivatives license (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
doi:10.1080/01443410.2017.1409886 fatcat:b6f6aohif5cxxcruuiofslp7pe