Study of the Effects of Acidic Ions on Cloud Droplet Formation Using Laboratory Experiments

Sh. Moradi, A.A. Bidokhti, M. Gharaylou, Sh. Jalaie, M.H. Shoushtari
2014 APCBEE Procedia  
Atmospheric aerosols affect climate of the Earth, scatter sunlight and serve as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Yet the reason for many observed events of new aerosol formation is not understood. One of the ideas put forward to explain these events is that the presence of SO 4 2can enhance the formation of aerosols. These sulphate aerosols form partly during the oxidation of the oceanic emission Dimethyl sulfide (DMS) into the atmosphere and partly from volcanoes, plants and soils, fossil fuel
more » ... combustion, and biomass burning. In this paper, laboratory experiments on warm cloud formation with different acid ion density are presented. The results show that the lifetime of cloud is reduced by increasing density of SO 4 2-, but this changes is not significant (significance level, P=0.578), while the cloud concentration is significantly changed with the decreasing of density of SO 4 2-(P=0.001). There is also a good significant correlation between cloud concentration with the maximum temperature change, with correlation coefficient, r=0.646 (p=0.004).
doi:10.1016/j.apcbee.2014.10.047 fatcat:ajrtxjb4mrgtpjqkz2fxouk5vm