A randomized clinical trial on the effectiveness of a symbiotic product to decolonize patients harboring multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a symbiotic product to decolonize the intestinal tract of patients harboring multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacilli and to prevent nosocomial infections. Methods: This was a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, conducted in a tertiary-care university hospital. All adult hospitalized patients with a positive clinical culture and a positive rectal swab for any MDR Gram-negative bacilli were potentially eligible. Exclusion
... riteria were pregnancy, immunosuppression, and bowel obstruction/perforation. The intervention consisted of administering a symbiotic product (Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, and fructo-oligosaccharides) twice a day for seven days via the oral/enteral route. Results: Between August 1, 2012 and December 22, 2013, 116 of 275 eligible patients were allocated to treatment (n=57) and placebo (n=59). Overall, 101 patients received at least four doses of the study products and were included in the modified intention-to-treat analysis. The primary study outcome, a negative rectal swab for MDR Gram-negative bacilli after treatment, was identified in 16.7% (8/48) and 20.7% (11/53) of patients in the experimental and placebo group, respectively (p=0.60). The secondary outcome, the combined incidence of nosocomial respiratory and urinary tract infections, was 37.5% (18/48) in the experimental group versus 22.6% (12/53) in the control group (adjusted odds ratio: 1.95, 95% confidence interval: 0.69-5.50, p=0.21). Length of stay after the beginning of the intervention, incidence of adverse events, and in-hospital mortality rates were similar in both study groups. Conclusions: Under the present study conditions, symbiotic administration was not effective for decolonizing hospitalized patients harboring MDR Gram-negative bacilli.