Investigating the Patterns of Islamic Architecture in Architecture Design of Third Millennium Mosques

Parvin Farazmand, Hassan Sarbangholi
2014 European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences   unpublished
Islamic architecture, which is based on the Islamic school, has been shaped by the total awareness of architects' of techniques of architecture and adherence to the principles of geometry and inspired by religious beliefs. Principles of geometry and religious beliefs caused certain patterns to take shape in Islamic architecture that were used in designing buildings including mosques. With the advancements in technology, architecture entered a new stage considering the form of construction and
more » ... construction and the buildings. Islamic architecture and mosque, which is the primary symbol of Islamic architecture, are not different and consequently went through changes in forms and patterns. In this paper, the purpose is to express the place of patterns of Islamic Architecture in the mosques of the third millennium. The method used is descriptive-analytic and the mosques of the third millennium are the statistical population and ten of them are the statistical sample. The tools used are the library studies and the data has been analyzed using chars obtained from Excel. The result indicated that in the architecture of the mosques of the third millennium, the patterns of Islamic architecture have been fixed and proposed, and yet do create different designs that would be novel. In fact, the traditional patterns of Islamic architecture in the mosques of the third millennium included reaching epiphany in certain ways, the effort to achieve the principle of unity, the main concern for being monotheism, unity in meaning and body, considering the background, the struggle to reach perfection, regularity and symmetry in body, meaning and function, justice and equilibrium in totality and its components, utilizing the natural and Islamic shapes, the lack of individuality and anonymity while facing the work, and the act of constructing the building as an act of worship.