Evaluation of pollen viability, stigma receptivity and fertilization success in Lagerstroemia indica L

Chen Fang, Yuan Wei, Shi XuePing, Ye* YaoMei
2013 African Journal of Biotechnology  
To provide theoretical basis for artificial pollination in Lagerstroemia indica L., pollen viability and stigma receptivity were tested and the morphological change of stigma was observed. Pollen viability tested by in vitro culture, stigma receptivity examined by benzidine-H 2 O 2 testing and fruit set estimated by field artificial pollination were analyzed in this study. The maximum pollen viability was observed at 10:00 am one day of anthesis (DA), of which 'Hong Wei' (46.2%) was
more » ... 2%) was significantly lower than that of 'Yin Wei' (56.8%) and 'Zi Wei' (62.5%). The stigma receptivity of the three crape myrtle cultivars was sustained for eight days, which was 95.7 to 96.9% at 1 DA to two days after anthesis (DAA), then declined to 75.5 to 79.9% at 3 to 4 DAA and 50.6 to 59.7% at 5 to 6 DAA, and only 29.5% at 7 DAA. Higher stigma receptivity was associated with columnar style, upward stigma, green and wet papillae and copious exudates at stage 1 (1 DA to 2 DAA). Frequencies of fruit set at stage 1 (74.4%) and stage 2 (3 to 4 DAA) (78.9%) were significantly higher than that at stage 3 (5 to 6 DAA) (21.9%). So, selecting pollen at 10:00 am 1 DA and stigma of 1 DA to 4 DAA was a strategy to enhance fruit set in the future artificial hybridizations for crape myrtle. Abbreviations: DA, Day of anthesis; DAA, day after anthesis.
doi:10.5897/ajb11.3594 fatcat:p5sn225e7rhkrk7draszc26wfa