A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2018; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
IIUM Engineering Journal
In this paper, laminar forced convection of a nanofluid consisting of water and Al 2 O 3 in a horizontal annulus has been studied numerically. A two-phase mixture model has been used to investigate thermal behaviors of the nanofluid over constant temperature thermal boundary condition and with different volume concentration of nanoparticles. Comparisons with previously published both experimental and analytical works on flow behavior in horizontal annulus show good agreements between thefatcat:2q3msc2eprfmxorvckbwybstdy