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The European Union (EU) considers biofuels as an option to reduce GHG emissions. However, biofuels mandates are controversial because of the concerns regarding unintended environmental, social and economic consequences. EU renewable energy directives introduced some requirements that biofuels should meet to be certified as sustainable. Today almost all the EU's biofuel consumption intended for transport complies with the EU's sustainability requirements. This paper investigates socialdoi:10.30682/nm2002a fatcat:krx7oub6gnhkhktqxabvztu6x4