Biochemical evidence for a homophilic interaction of the alpha 3 beta 1 integrin

P Sriramarao, P Steffner, K R Gehlsen
1993 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The purpose of this study was to determine if the alpha 3 beta 1 integrin could interact in a homophilic manner. Several earlier reports have shown that certain integrin adhesion receptors, namely alpha 2 beta 1, alpha 3 beta 1, and alpha 6 beta 4 localize to intercellular adhesion structures and, therefore, may participate in cell-cell interactions (Carter, W. G., Wayner, E. A., Bouchard, T. S., and Kaur, P. (1990) J. Cell Biol. 110, 1387-1404; Kaufmann, R., Frosch, D., Westphal, C., Weber,
more » ... and Klein, C. E. (1989) J. Cell Biol. 109, 1807-1815; Hynes, R. O. (1987) Cell 48, 549-554; Symington, B. E., Takada, Y., and Carter, W. G. (1993) J. Cell Biol. 120, 523-535). We present data herein suggesting that the integrin alpha 3 beta 1 may interact homophilically in such cell-cell adhesion structures which contain this specific receptor or, alternatively, in receptor aggregates found in focal adhesions. The alpha 3 beta 1 receptor was purified by affinity chromatography on either human laminin or peptide GD-6-Sepharose and subsequently used as a substrate in cell adhesion assays. The immobilized alpha 3 beta 1 supported the adhesion of cells containing alpha 3 beta 1, and this attachment was specifically inhibited by monoclonal antibodies to both beta 1 and alpha 3 subunits. In addition, an affinity matrix containing purified alpha 3 beta 1 showed specific binding of only alpha 3 beta 1 from detergent extracts of cell surface proteins and such binding was cation-dependent. Finally, using biosensor technology involving the principle of surface plasmon resonance (BIAcore, Pharmacia Biosensor), alpha 3 beta 1, when bound to a carboxymethyl dextran-modified gold surface, was found to bind only other soluble alpha 3 beta 1 receptors and did not bind other purified integrins, including alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha v beta 3. These data strongly suggest that alpha 3 beta 1 likely interacts in a homophilic manner under our experimental conditions.
pmid:8408061 fatcat:ya7urrepcbga5fguacrzz3ubuu