Investigation of the BOLD-Based MRI Signal Time Course During Short Breath-Hold Periods for Estimation of the Cerebrovascular Reactivity
SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine
For the prognosis of stroke, patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) require the estimation of remaining cerebrovascular reactivity. For this purpose, CO 2 -triggered BOLD fMRI by use of short breath-hold periods seems to be a highly available alternative to nuclear medicine methods. Too long breath-hold periods are difficult to perform, too short breath-hold periods do not lead to sufficient BOLD signal changes. We aimed to investigate the required minimum breath-hold duration to detect distinct
... OLD signals in the tissue of healthy subjects to find out how long the minimum breath-hold duration in clinical diagnostics of MMD should be. A prospective study was performed. Fourteen healthy subjects underwent fMRI during end-expiration breathhold periods of different duration (3, 6, 9, and 12 s). Additionally, we compared the influence of paced and self-paced breathing altering the breath-hold periods. Data of a patient with MMD was evaluated to investigate whether the tested procedure is suitable for clinical use. Significant global BOLD signal increases were detected after breath-hold periods of 6, 9, and 12 s. The signals were significantly higher after breath-hold periods of 9 s than after 6 s, while not when the duration was extended from 9 to 12 s. Furthermore, we found additional BOLD signal changes before the expected signal increases, which could be avoided by paced respiratory instructions. This investigation indicates that end-expiration breath-hold period of at least 9 s might be used to measure the cerebrovascular reactivity. This time period resulted in distinct BOLD signal changes and could be performed easily.