Task-adaptive Pre-training and Self-training are Complementary for Natural Language Understanding

Shiyang Li, Semih Yavuz, Wenhu Chen, Xifeng Yan
2021 Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2021   unpublished
Task-adaptive pre-training (TAPT) and Selftraining (ST) have emerged as the major semisupervised approaches to improve natural language understanding (NLU) tasks with massive amount of unlabeled data. However, it's unclear whether they learn similar representations or they can be effectively combined. In this paper, we show that TAPT and ST can be complementary with simple TFS protocol by following TAPT → Finetuning → Selftraining (TFS) process. Experimental results show that TFS protocol can
more » ... fectively utilize unlabeled data to achieve strong combined gains consistently across six datasets covering sentiment classification, paraphrase identification, natural language inference, named entity recognition and dialogue slot classification. We investigate various semi-supervised settings and consistently show that gains from TAPT and ST can be strongly additive by following TFS procedure. We hope that TFS could serve as an important semi-supervised baseline for future NLP studies.
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.findings-emnlp.86 fatcat:iv3y3x24kvaozc5in2lyyahr64