Line ratios for helium-like ions: Applications to collision-dominated plasmas
Astronomy and Astrophysics
The line ratios R and G of the three main lines of He-like ions (triplet: resonance, intercombination, forbidden lines) are calculated for CV, NVI, OVII, NeIX, MgXI, and SiXIII. These ratios can be used to derive electron density n_e and temperature T_e of hot late-type stellar coronae and O, B stars from high-resolution spectra obtained with Chandra (LETGS, HETGS) and XMM-Newton (RGS). All excitation and radiative processes between the levels and the effect of upper-level cascades from
... scades from collisional electronic excitation and from dielectronic and radiative recombination have been considered. When possible the best experimental values for radiative transition probabilities are used. For the higher-Z ions (i.e. NeIX, MgXI, SiXIII) possible contributions from blended dielectronic satellite lines to each line of the triplets were included in the calculations of the line ratios R and G for four specific spectral resolutions: RGS, LETGS, HETGS-MEG, HETGS-HEG. The influence of an external stellar radiation field on the coupling of the 2^3S (upper level of the forbidden line) and 2^3P levels (upper levels of the intercombination lines) is taken into account. This process is mainly important for the lower-Z ions (i.e. CV, NVI, OVII) at moderate radiation temperature (T_rad). These improved calculations were done for plasmas in collisional ionization equilibrium, but will be later extended to photo-ionized plasmas and to transient ionization plasmas. The values for R and G are given in extensive tables, for a large range of parameters, which could be used directly to compare to the observations.