Sexual Dysfunction associated with Second-Generation Antidepressants in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: Results from a Systematic Review with Network Meta-Analysis

Bradley Gaynes, Megan Van Noord, Ursula Reichenpfader, Gerald Gartlehner, Richard Hansen, Laura Morgan, Amy Greenblatt, Linda Lux, Barbara Nussbaumer
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction (SD) is prevalent in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and is also associated with second-generation antidepressants (SGAD) which are commonly used to treat the condition. Evidence indicates underreporting of SD in efficacy studies. SD associated with antidepressant treatment is a serious side effect that may lead to early termination of treatment and worsening of quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the harms of SD associated with
more » ... in adult patients with MDD by drug type. METHODS: We retrieved English-language abstracts from PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts from 1980 to October 2012 as well as from reference lists of pertinent review articles and grey literature searches. Two independent reviewers identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of at least six weeks' duration and observational studies with at least 1,000 participants. STUDY SELECTION: Reviewers abstracted data on study design, conduct, participants, interventions, outcomes and method of SD ascertainment, and rated risk of bias. A senior reviewer checked and confirmed extracted data and risk of bias ratings. ANALYSES: Random effects network meta-analysis using Bayesian methods for data from head-to-head trials and placebo-controlled comparisons; descriptive analyses calculating weighted mean rates from individual trials and observational studies. RESULTS/ SYNTHESIS: Data from sixty-three studies of low and moderate risk of bias (58 RCTs, five observational studies) with more than 26,000 patients treated with SGAD were included. Based on network meta-analyses of 66 pairwise comparisons from 37 RCTs, most comparisons showed a similar risk of sexual dysfunction among included SGAD. Credible intervals, however, were wide and included differences that would be considered clinically relevant. We observed three main patterns: Bupropion had a statistically significantly lower risk of sexual dysfunction than some other SGAD, and both es [...]
doi:10.17615/5ywc-x252 fatcat:fskizo4kdjdejklqxf2gknpbk4