Developmentally regulated expression of insulin-like growth factors by differentiated murine teratocarcinomas and extraembryonic mesoderm
Journal of embryology and experimental morphology
The expression of plasma membrane receptors for insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) by PC13 embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells, and their immediate differentiated progeny PC13END was examined by binding radiolabelled IGF-I to cell monolayers. Both cell types express high-affinity IGF receptors, but the apparent number of unoccupied receptors sites falls by about 60% upon differentiation. Crosslinking studies reveal that both type 1 and type 2 IGF receptors are expressed by PC13EC cells.
... conditioned medium contains developmentally regulated, separable activities, one of which reacts directly with IGF-II, and the other with IGF for plasma membrane receptors. The former activity represents a soluble secreted IGF-binding protein. The latter activity is structurally and functionally similar to rat IGF-II. Polyclonal antibodies raised against purified rat IGF-II specifically recognize multiple forms of IGF in radiolabelled culture supernatants and material which closely resembles the soluble IGF-binding protein. Immunoprecipitation of radiolabelled culture supernatants with anti-rat IGF-II reveals that the differentiation of PC13EC cells is accompanied by the coexpression of IGF-like molecules and the soluble binding protein, and that IGF-like molecules are expressed by extraembryonic tissues of mesodermal origin in the early postimplantation mouse embryo. These findings show that IGF-like molecules are expressed in early mammalian development and may act in an autocrine fashion in vivo.