FEATURES OF TECHNOLOGIES TACTICAL TRAINING IN MODERN MARTIAL SPORTS
ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ТЕХНОЛОГІЙ ТАКТИЧНОЇ ПІДГОТОВКИ У СУЧАСНИХ СПОРТИВНИХ ЄДИНОБОРСТВАХ
Olga Zadorozhna, Lviv State University of Physical Culture named after Ivan Bobersky, Lviv, Ukraine, Marʺyan Pityn, Igor Kukurudzyak, Yuliya Tkach, Lyudmyla Kharchenko-Baranetsʹka, Lviv State University of Physical Culture named after Ivan Bobersky, Lviv, Ukraine, Lviv State University of Physical Culture named after Ivan Bobersky, Lviv, Ukraine, Lviv State University of Physical Culture named after Ivan Bobersky, Lviv, Ukraine, Kherson State University, Kherson, Ukraine
Sports Bulletin of the Dnieper
The relevance of the research is that current trends in the development of Olympic combat sports require a constant search for ways to improve the tactical skills of athletes of different ages and qualifications. The purpose of the study is to identify and characterize the technologies of tactical training in modern combat sports. Research methods and material. Theoretical analysis, documentary method, generalization of literature data and the Internet allowed us to identify the problematic
... d of tactical training in martial arts and formulate a research hypothesis. Later, an expert assessment was conducted with the involvement of forty experts in modern Olympic combat sports to determine their attitude to the implementation of tactical training of athletes at various stages of long-term improvement. The generalization of the experts' answers allowed us to determine the tactical training technologies used in the training process of athletes of different experience. Research results. Technologies of tactical training of athletes that can be applied at different levels (general pedagogical, stage and local) have been identified. The most sought after in modern Olympic martial arts is pattern technology with elements of modification using a variety of tools – 55.00% of experts (n=40) supported its use. Other technologies are applied by a narrower circle of specialists: variant, with various tools – 30.00% of specialists; template with modification elements with limited range of tools – 7.50%; template, without modification, with limited range of tools – 2.50%; template-variant, with various tools – 5.00%. Conclusions. The universal technology of athletes' tactical training, relevant for modern martial arts, is a template with modifying elements, which provides the use of various tools. Other technologies (variable, template without modification, template and variable) are in demand for a narrow circle of specialists. Keywords: combat sports, tactics, skills, stages, methods.