A full Stokes subgrid model for simulation of grounding line migration in ice sheets using Elmer/ICE(v8.3)

Gong Cheng, Per Lötstedt, Lina von Sydow
2019 Geoscientific Model Development Discussions  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> The full Stokes equations are solved by a finite element method for simulation of large ice sheets and glaciers. The simulation is particularly sensitive to the discretization of the grounding line which separates the ice resting on the bedrock and the ice floating on water and is moving in time. The boundary conditions at the ice base are enforced by Nitsche's method and a subgrid treatment of the elements in the discretization close to the grounding line.
more » ... nding line. Simulations with the method in two dimensions for an advancing and a retreating grounding line illustrate the performance of the method. It is implemented in the two dimensional version of the open source code Elmer/ICE.</p>
doi:10.5194/gmd-2019-244 fatcat:cu77pntzcve75laub5fgyf7ujq