Human Interference and Deterioration of the Character of Wetlands: A Micro level Study in Labpur Block, Birbhum District, West Bengal
IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science
The term 'wetland' is used broadly and covers a wide range of environmental units including swamps, bogs, salt marshes, lakes and some river edges. Wetlands have simultaneously been described as the "Kidneys of Landscape" and as "Biological Supermarkets" because they act as stock of natural resources, have potential to provide diverse flows of various socio-economic services. But unfortunately, countrywise wetland loss over the last 150 years is calculated at a staggering 90% due human need and
... due human need and greed. Labpur block in Birbhum district is a wetland dominated block. About 12.64% area out of total block area is under wetlands. There are 10 major seasonal and permanent wetlands located in a scattered manner, among them Langolhata beel is largest wetland. But recently all the wetlands are facing serious problems regarding their existence. Increase of population pressure with the excessive economic use of wetlands push them into the way of deterioration. This paper aims to extract the major problems associated with the economic and unscientific use of wetlands in the study area.