Tuning the Morphology and Surface Property of Mineral Particles by Grinding Media [chapter]

Zhiyong Gao, Chengwei Li
2018 Abrasive Technology - Characteristics and Applications  
Grinding of minerals for particle size reduction and liberation is a prerequisite for successful mineral flotation separation and powder modification. Different grinding media produce mineral particles with different physical morphology and surface chemistry properties. Different mill particles expose different proportions of cleavage surfaces which lead to different shape indexes and different surface reactivities to organics, such as collector. Rod mill produces scheelite particles with a
more » ... er exposure of more reactive {101} surface that are beneficial for a stronger interaction with collector. More exposure of {101} surface also causes the rod mill particles to possess such values as larger elongation and flatness that are essential for particles attachment to air bubbles by shortening the induction time. The rod mill particles have a lower critical surface tension, greater hydrophobicity and a better flotation recovery when treated with the collector. In addition, the rod mill particles with a narrow particle size distribution have a smaller specific surface area, so the full monolayer adsorption of the collector on their surfaces can be achieved at a relatively lower concentration. These findings will help establish the relation between the particle surface physicochemistry and wettability, hence providing valuable guidance for the optimization of flotation separation and powder modification technology.
doi:10.5772/intechopen.74836 fatcat:tbuwenxo6vdu7jqyc2ry2fvpdi