Brasil e Bolívia: a mulher como força de trabalho e o processo de acumulação capitalista na dinâmica do circuito comercial transfronteiriço
Brasil e Bolívia: a mulher como força de trabalho e o processo de acumulação capitalista na dinâmica do circuito comercial transfronteiriço VERSÃO CORRIGIDA SÃO PAULO 2016 DIRCE SIZUKO SOKEN Brasil e Bolívia: a mulher como força de trabalho e o processo de acumulação capitalista na dinâmica do circuito comercial transfronteiriço VERSÃO CORRIGIDA De acordo: ________________ Professora Drª Rosa Ester Rossini Tese apresentada ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana -FFLCH, da Universidade
... CH, da Universidade de São Paulo, como requisito parcial para obtenção do título de Doutora em Geografia. Orientadora: Prof. Drª. Rosa Ester Rossini SÃO PAULO 2016 Palavras-chaves: cidades-gêmeas; espaço transfronteiriço; divisão sexual do trabalho; Brasil e Bolívia. ABSTRACT This doctoral dissertation deals with the comprehension of how the Brazilian and Bolivian woman contributes to the reproduction of the transboundary space from Corumba's twin cities, in Brazil, and in Bolivian cities Puerto Quijaro and Puerto Suarez. The geographic approach about the productive and reproductive work of woman supposes the production of space, once that the social division of work implies in sexual division of work, so the female labour is a matter of analysis of space. The gender research in Geography has as purpose to understand the spatial organization of this cross-border space, from the use of the women's workforce in the trade, where the women organize the activity concomitantly with the social reproduction. The research method had as mainspring principle the socio-spatial of the twin-cities border between Brazil and Bolivia and revealed the several periods of occupation of this border space. Two occupancy fronts highlighted in the study, which potentiate the cross-border relationship, over the 1990s and 2000s: the circulation of industrialized products from principal borders, as the Brazilian, Chilean, Peruvian, Argentinian; and the popular expansion trade, especially of clothing manufacture, for the Bolivian borders with the use of women's work. Especially as regards to the methodologic theoretical base about the women's work in the border area, the investigation was oriented by the socioeconomic analysis, spatial and by the concept of sexual division of work. The research evidenced the importance of the families, business and governmental agents consolidated in the border territory, since they work as social organisms of ratzelian State. The qualitative research were adopted by means of observations, photograph images, news and local press news, as well the semi structured and informal interviews for the data collection in the twin-cities border. Generally speaking, it was found that the women working in the trade of the low circuits from twin-cities between Brazil and Bolivia, were the responsible for the spraying of the cross-borders relationships, by means of organization modes from the business, work and manly by the narrowing of the family bond. Therefore, it was revealed that the business activity operationalized by woman makes her an important articulator of the border territorial arrangements.