Innovative Tests During Control Psychomotor Function by Qualified Handballers

Valeria Tyshchenko
Фізичне виховання, спорт і культура здоров'я у сучасному суспільстві : збірник наукових праць... № 2 (30), 2015 Introduction. Some, training devices hold a prominent place in teaching sportsmen the handball playing technique (Leykin, 1999) . The others unite separate elements of the technique into a whole movement. When specific capacity is developed properly and training devices are used skillfully, sportsmen acquire reasonable technique. In case there are mistakes during technique attainment,
more » ... chnique attainment, then the training devices are used for their elimination (with the selective influence on separate elements or the whole technique) (Popov, 1999) . Generalized present-day knowledge of fundamentals of facilities allows us to choose the most advanced applications of exercise machines or new generation devices for workout process (Vodlozerov, 2011; Mokina, 2008) . The issue is that correct goal-oriented use of exercise machines brings positive results and great achievements in sports (Alabin, Skripko, 1979) . We can assume that the correct choice of exercise machines for workout sessions or testing is an important stage in the use of facilities. They are indispensable for the management and efficient workout process, which gives opportunity to promptly and objectively collect information about readiness of a sportsman's body (Yushkevich, Vasyuk, Bulanov, 1989) . Our own experience of scientific-practical work with combine teams and teams of Super league of Ukrainian championship, analysis of modern literature, devoted to this problem, give understanding that today one of problems is discordance of theoretical works about sport games and their insufficient implementation in practice. It permits for us to think this problem to be really urgent. The Aim of the Research. Justification the control of training by qualified handballers with special technical devices. Methods. This study included 85 male highly qualified handballers (age=23,48±3,68 years) from candidate master of sports (CMS) to international master of sports (IMS) of Ukraine by three teams competing in the Super League Ukraine «Motor», «ZTR», «ZNTU-ZAB» Zaporizhzhya. Teacher supervision took one microcycle (3 days). The objectivity of the information has been provided by adherence to the standard conditions: teacher supervision was performed in the morning from 9.00 AM till 12.00 AM; exercises for evaluation have been performed after a basic lead-in and warming up of qualified handball players; the results of psychomotor function have been determined at a separate training session; repetition of exercise (tries) has been performed after a rest and after the sportsmen reached the heart rate below 110 bpm. Exposition of the Basic Material of the Research. In order to evaluate special condition (psychomotor function) of handball players, analysis of standard practices and specific character of competition-based activity in handball allowed us to propose and implement the following test exercises into the workout process of qualified teams of the Ukrainian Super League: the Flashlight Test (FlT), the Flashlight Handball Throw Test (FHTT) and the Complex Flashlight Handball Test (CFlHT). They are of crucial importance in most game situations and to the full extent reflect the following technical and tactical actions of players and a team during competitions:  active counteract to the attack of the opponents;  correction of technical and tactical actions in response to the change of the system of offense;  switch of defensive players while marking offense;  performance of backup and parallel movement in defense;  performance of attacks and defensive technical and tactical actions in the setting of numerical disadvantage, majority in number etc. The Flashlight Test (Tyshchenko, 2014) allowed us to determine the attention switch rate and special capacity of handball players under conditions of active choice of useful information. The structure of exercise performance was the following: 5 stands with LED lamps were located in the center of the 9-meter line (line of active defense). It should be noted that LED lamps have been used as a signal stimulus during performance of an exercise. The flash of one or another lamp was controlled by computer application of basic random numbers. The distance between the stands was 1 m. A handball player started doing the exercise from the middle of the 6-meter line (the goal line). On a coach signal, the sportsman dashed from the standing start to the stand, where the light flashed. When he touched the stand, he ran back to the starting place. During the exercise © Tyshchenko V., 2015