Whole-brain studies of spontaneous behavior in head-fixed rats enabled by zero echo time MB-SWIFT fMRI [article]

Jaakko Paasonen, Petteri Stenroos, Hanne Laakso, Tiina Pirttimaki, Ekaterina Paasonen, Raimo A Salo, Heikki Tanila, Djaudat Idiyatullin, Michael Garwood, Shalom Michaeli, Silvia Mangia, Olli Grohn
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Understanding the link between the brain activity and behavior is a key challenge in modern neuroscience. Behavioral neuroscience, however, lacks tools to record whole-brain activity in complex behavioral settings. Here we demonstrate that a novel Multi-Band SWeep Imaging with Fourier Transformation (MB-SWIFT) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) approach enables whole-brain studies in spontaneously behaving head-fixed rats. First, we show anatomically relevant functional parcellation.
more » ... econd, we show sensory, motor, exploration, and stress-related brain activity in relevant networks during corresponding spontaneous behavior. Third, we show odor-induced activation of olfactory system with high correlation between the fMRI and behavioral responses. We conclude that the applied methodology enables novel behavioral study designs in rodents focusing on tasks, cognition, emotions, physical exercise, and social interaction. Importantly, novel zero echo time and large bandwidth approaches, such as MB-SWIFT, can be applied for human behavioral studies, allowing more freedom as body movement is dramatically less restricting factor.
doi:10.1101/2021.06.15.448321 fatcat:gfwx5vstybbnjeygcbfy6hszh4