Paleokarst Crust of Ordovician Limestone and Its Capability in Resisting Water Inrushes in Coal Mines of North China

Lin Mou, Gongyu Li
2013 Full Proceedings of the Thirteenth Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst   unpublished
With increase in mining depth of the Carboniferous-Permian coal seams in North China, it is particularly important to study the heterogeneity of karst development in the underlying Middle Ordovician limestone and determine any impermeable strata that may prevent the pressurized karst water from bursting into coal mines. Detailed analysis of the exploratory borehole data suggests presence of a paleokarst crust at the top of Middle Ordovician Fengfeng Formation. Because of its mechanical strength
more » ... and low permeability to water, the paleokarst crust can function as an additional waterresisting layer. This paper takes Sihe Mine of Shanxi Province as an example to study the geotechnical and hydrogeological characteristics of the paleokarst crust. Incorporation of this additional hydrological barrier led to more minable coal seams in the coalmine.
doi:10.5038/9780979542275.1137 fatcat:ye4vimigljetpagkf3cnsfpeji