Empirical Gaussian priors for cross-lingual transfer learning [article]

Anders Søgaard
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Sequence model learning algorithms typically maximize log-likelihood minus the norm of the model (or minimize Hamming loss + norm). In cross-lingual part-of-speech (POS) tagging, our target language training data consists of sequences of sentences with word-by-word labels projected from translations in k languages for which we have labeled data, via word alignments. Our training data is therefore very noisy, and if Rademacher complexity is high, learning algorithms are prone to overfit.
more » ... ed regularization assumes a constant width and zero mean prior. We instead propose to use the k source language models to estimate the parameters of a Gaussian prior for learning new POS taggers. This leads to significantly better performance in multi-source transfer set-ups. We also present a drop-out version that injects (empirical) Gaussian noise during online learning. Finally, we note that using empirical Gaussian priors leads to much lower Rademacher complexity, and is superior to optimally weighted model interpolation.
arXiv:1601.02166v1 fatcat:fbjqdi7kp5gyjgfks4e6f3zqy4