A Review of Control Strategies in Closed-Loop Neuroprosthetic Systems

James Wright, Vaughan G. Macefield, André van Schaik, Jonathan C. Tapson
2016 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
It has been widely recognized that closed-loop neuroprosthetic systems achieve more favorable outcomes for users then equivalent open-loop devices. Improved performance of tasks, better usability, and greater embodiment have all been reported in systems utilizing some form of feedback. However, the interdisciplinary work on neuroprosthetic systems can lead to miscommunication due to similarities in well-established nomenclature in different fields. Here we present a review of control strategies
more » ... in existing experimental, investigational and clinical neuroprosthetic systems in order to establish a baseline and promote a common understanding of different feedback modes and closed-loop controllers. The first section provides a brief discussion of feedback control and control theory. The second section reviews the control strategies of recent Brain Machine Interfaces, neuromodulatory implants, neuroprosthetic systems, and assistive neurorobotic devices. The final section examines the different approaches to feedback in current neuroprosthetic and neurorobotic systems.
doi:10.3389/fnins.2016.00312 pmid:27462202 pmcid:PMC4940409 fatcat:me4co3j4ujccfpm4kjhs3hrbky