Community-Cyberinfrastructure-Enabled Discovery in Science and Engineering
Computing in science & engineering (Print)
Cyber infrastructure for discovery in science and engineering has not only enhanced the process of discovery but has also enabled new venues for discovery including systems biology, ecosystem modeling, and individualized medicine. The transition from enhancing to enabling discovery in science and engineering has led to what we term the Silicon Shift. In this paper, we conceptualize the vision of a community cyber infrastructure (CCI), shared by the research community, that would enable a new
... of multi-disciplinary discovery. We introduce the concept of cyber communities and outline the process of discovery utilizing community cyber infrastructure. The emphasis of this paper is to lay out the essential attributes of CCI including requirements, functional architecture, and examples of implementation options. We thus formalize the design of a community cyber infrastructure by elucidating the specific requirements in terms of services, resources and deployment. We then lay out the foundations for an agile and adaptable CCI's functional architecture based on the stated requirements. In this functional architecture, knowledge, models, simulation results and visualizations are shared along with computing cycles, storage, and bandwidth. The emphasis is to crystallize a design for a CCI in as general terms as possible, so that this vision can adapt and remain relevant with innovation in technology.