Working Memory Capacity as Controlled Attention in Tactical Decision Making

Philip A. Furley, Daniel Memmert
2012 Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP)  
The controlled attention theory of working memory capacity (WMC, Engle 2002) suggests that WMC represents a domain free limitation in the ability to control attention and is predictive of an individual's capability of staying focused, avoiding distraction and impulsive errors. In the present paper we test the predictive power of WMC in computer-based sport decision-making tasks. Experiment 1 demonstrated that high-WMC athletes were better able at focusing their attention on tactical decision
more » ... ing while blocking out irrelevant auditory distraction. Experiment 2 showed that high-WMC athletes were more successful at adapting their tactical decision making according to the situation instead of relying on prepotent inappropriate decisions. The present results provide additional but also unique support for the controlled attention theory of WMC by demonstrating that WMC is predictive of controlling attention in complex settings among different modalities and highlight the importance of working memory in tactical decision making.
doi:10.1123/jsep.34.3.322 pmid:22691397 fatcat:w6wjdm5v6zgztnlvmea7icu6xa