Hydrolysis of thioester analogs by rat liver phospholipase A1
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The hydrolysis of thioester containing phospholipids by rat liver plasmalemma phospholipase A1 was measured in a continuous spectrophotometric assay. In this assay thioester substrates were employed which, upon hydrolysis, liberated a free thiol which was reacted with 4,4'-dithiopyridine to yield the product 4-thiopyridone that absorbs at 324 nm. Thioester substrates, prepared by chemical synthesis, were used in phospholipid and Triton X-100 micelles for kinetic analysis carried out according
... the method of Hendrickson and Dennis (Hendrickson, H.S., and Dennis, E.A. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 5734-5739). Vmax, Ks, and Km values obtained for various isomers and racemic mixtures of the synthetic thioester analogs are compared with corresponding oxyester substrates. Unnatural sn-1 isomers competitively inhibited the hydrolysis of natural sn-3 isomers of phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidic acid. Furthermore, the sn-1 isomer of phosphatidic acid was hydrolyzed by phospholipase A1, but with lower catalytic efficiency than the sn-3 isomer. The presence of a thioester at the sn-1 position did not change the Vmax significantly, as compared to the oxyester phospholipids. When two thioesters were present on the phospholipid molecule, the Vmax was decreased significantly. A convenient synthesis of 1-monothioester analogs of phospholipids is reported. The results presented show the usefulness of the spectrophotometric assay for measuring phospholipase A1 activity as well as the influence of racemic mixtures and thioesters on the hydrolytic rate.