The Barriers to Increasing the Productivity in Expatriate Management: Examples in the World and Turkey
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
In the current frame of global rivalry perceptive, one of the significant formulas of multinational enterprises to obtain competitive advantage is having human resources who are well-equipped and having mobile ability. This situation increases the need for those who have the quality to work abroad for a definite duration, and bring forward the issue of Expariate Management (EM) for Human Resources Management (HRM). The right choose and management of assigned personnel effectively in this way is
... a quite important matter because of the global knowledge that is provides in areas such as production, management, marketing, but at the same time it is a problem because of high costs it may cause. The most common and costly problem facing multinationals in doing business in over seas countries is the high level failure of expatriates because of the adaptation problems to the new country. The adaptation problem expariates faced to a large extent may arise from various reasons in many developed and developing countries. This reveals the neccessity of differentiation of EM by countries. The aim of this study is to provide a brief overview of some adaptation problems encountered by expariates, to give information about EM practices and views in the world and to illustrate the EM practices of Turkey and the point it has reached in Turkey though various examples. There have been few studies dealing specifically with expatriate practices in Turkey. It is hoped that the current paper can fill this gap. Putting the barriers to increasing the productivity in EM and offering some examples from the world can be useful for both the success of business employing expatriates and for numerous scholars to study in this field.