FM1-43 Imaging Reveals cGMP-Dependent Long-Term Depression of Presynaptic Transmitter Release

Patric K. Stanton, Uwe Heinemann, Wolfgang Müller
2001 Journal of Neuroscience  
A persistent question concerning mechanisms underlying longterm, activity-dependent synaptic plasticity is whether the sites of alterations are presynaptic, postsynaptic, or both. Recently, we discovered a chemical method of inducing long-term depression (LTD) of synaptic strength at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses by simultaneously elevating [cGMP] and inhibiting cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). Chemical LTD (CLTD) is activity-independent, occluded by stimulus-evoked LTD, and requires
more » ... ss of pharmacologic agents to presynaptic terminals. In the present study, we used fluorescence and twophoton imaging of presynaptic terminals with the fluorescent dye N-(3-triethylammoniumpropyl)-4-(4-(dibutylamino)styryl) pyridinium dibromide (FM1-43) to determine directly if inducing CLTD is associated with a long-term reduction in transmitter release. In presynaptic Schaffer collateral-CA1 terminals of control hippocampal slices loaded with FM1-43, electrical stimulation (10 Hz/2 min) elicited a frequency-dependent destaining that peaked at 20% reduction in fluorescence. In contrast, when we first induced CLTD by a 30 min treatment of slices with the type V phosphodiesterase inhibitor zaprinast (20 M) plus the PKA inhibitor N-[2-( p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5isoquinolinesulfonamide (H-89; 10 M), then washed for 60 min, the destaining of FM1-43 fluorescence evoked by the same stimulation was reduced to 4%. Treatment and washout of slices with either drug singly had a significantly smaller effect on stimulus-evoked FM1-43 destaining. Only CLTD was associated with virtually complete suppression of stimulus-evoked FM1-43 release, the first direct evidence for at least one form of LTD being mediated by persistent reduction of presynaptic transmitter release.
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.21-19-j0002.2001 pmid:11567078 fatcat:v4t6fdoukbbvbibhwfu3x4tlqi