Anomaly Detection Using Dynamical Linear Models and Sequential Testing on a Marine Engine System

Erik Vanem, Geir Storvik
This paper presents a study on the use of Dynamical Linear Models for anomaly detection and condition monitoring of a marine engine system. Various sensors are installed at different places within the engine system and records essential parameters such as power output from the engine, engine speed, bearing temperatures and various other temperatures, speeds and pressures for selected engine components. The idea is to utilize the information in these sensor signals in order to monitor the
more » ... on of the engine. Such a condition monitoring system should include means of fault detection, diagnosis and prognostics, where robust anomaly detection is a prerequisite for reliable management of the system. Dynam-ical Linear Models (DLM) constitute a flexible framework for modelling of sensor signals, where the sensor signals are modelled conditional on some latent states, and the model provides forecasts of the signals that can be compared to new sensor readings. Statistical sequential model testing will then be performed on the forecast errors and model breakdown can be an indication of deviation from normal conditions and possible impending failures of the engine system. This will then call for further diagnostics and prognostics tasks to interpret the nature of the deviations. The Dynamical Linear Model framework can accommodate a range of candidate models. However, very complicated models in high dimensions may be computationally expensive to estimate and apply, so various pre-processing techniques are investigated in this paper to improve model performance, including simple regression models, cluster analysis and principal component transformation. Erik Vanem et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.