A two-step face hallucination approach for video surveillance applications
Multimedia tools and applications
In this paper we propose a novel face hallucination algorithm to synthesize a high-resolution face image from several low-resolution input face images. Face hallucination normally uses two models: a global parametric model which synthesizes the global face shapes from eigenfaces, and a local parametric model which enhances the local high frequency details. We follow a similar process to develop a robust face hallucination algorithm. First, we obtain eigenfaces from a number of low resolution
... e images segmented from a video sequence using a face tracking algorithm. Then we compute the difference between an interpolated low-resolution face and a mean face, and use this difference as the query to retrieve an approximate sparse eigenface representation. The eigenfaces are combined using the coefficients obtained from the sparse representation and added into the interpolated low-resolution face. In this way, the global shape of the interpolated low resolution face can be successfully enhanced. Second, we improve the example-based super-resolution method for local high frequency information enhancement. Our proposed algorithm uses the Approximate Nearest Neighbors (ANN) search method to find a number of nearest neighbors for a stack of queries, instead of finding the exact match for each low frequency patch. Median filtering is used to remove the noise from the nearest neighbors in order to enhance the signal. Our proposed algorithm uses a sparse representation and the ANN method to enhance both global face shape and local high frequency information while greatly improving the processing speed, as confirmed empirically.