Paediatric Ocular Injuries Associated with Ghanaian Recreational Activities in the Ashaiman Municipality, Ghana

David Ben Kumah
2017 JOJ Ophthalmology  
Recreational activities are essential part of a child's development. Unfortunately, such activities may expose the child to eye injuries which contribute to blindness in children. The study assessed the ocular injuries which occur in children who engage in Ghanaian recreational activities and the health seeking behaviours of parents/guardians when a child had an ocular injury. Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, records in the Tema General Hospital were reviewed. Questionnaires
more » ... nnaires administered to children and parents/caretakers, and interviews of healthcare professionals served as data sources for the study. Results: Over 70% of paediatric ocular injuries were found to occur at home. Child abuse (42.2%), thermal injury (36.5%) and chemical splash (22.2%) were the main causes of ocular injuries as reported by the sampled children. According to 11 parents and 201 children who responded to questions on post-injury seeking behaviour, 39.4% did not visit the clinic due to financial constraints, 23.1% took no action, only 19.7% visited the hospital with 8.7% resorting to self-medication. Paediatric ocular injury occurred most frequently during football games (36.1%). Children aged 6-10 years were found to be most prone to eye injury as 57.1% of the cases were among this age group. Males were found to be more likely to sustain ocular injuries compared to females. Conclusion: Over 80% of ocular injuries were due to games children played with the rest being open fire and chemical burns. Home management of ocular injury was common among respondents with the reason being financial constraints.
doi:10.19080/jojo.2017.03.555615 fatcat:igqvkr7adjfhzjltqtntpm2ib4