Mineral chemistry and geothemobarometry of mantle harzburgites in the Eastern Metamorphic Complex of Khoy ophiolite -NW Iran

Morovvat Faridazad
2017 Journal of Economic Geology  
Introduction Khoy ophiolite at the global scale is in the middle part of the Alp-Himalaya orogenic belt and it is extended over 3900 Km2 which indicates remnant Neotethys oceanic lithosphere in the Mesozoic era (Kananian et al., 2010). In this paper, in addition to a review of previous investigations about Khoy ophiolite, we will try to determine the nature and kind of minerals, origin and partial melting rate as well as the equilibrium pressure and temperature of harzburgites from the Eastern
more » ... s from the Eastern Metamorphic Complex of Khoy ophiolite. Materials and methods Thin sections microscopy studies were carried out following field investigations. EPMA analysis was carried out with using a Superprobe JEOL, JXA 8200 Microprobe unit at the state of WDS and under condition of 15kv accelerating voltage, 10nA current beam, 1µm beam diameter and collection of natural and synthetic standards for calibration. Results The study area is located at the NW of Iran and north of the Khoy city in the west Azarbaijan province. This area is part of the ophiolitic complex of NW Iran and belongs to its Eastern Metamorphic Complex. This metamorphic zone has large tectonically segments of the metamorphic ophiolites which mainly include serpentinized peridotites with associated metagabbros. There are three types of peridotitic rocks in this area which are: Lherzolites, harzburgites and dunites. Lherzolites are composed of olivine (60-70%), orthopyroxene (10-30%) and clinopyroxene (~10-20%) with minor amounts (~2%) of Cr-spinel mineral. Harzburgites are composed of olivine (70-80%), orthopyroxene (10-20%) and clinopyroxene (~5%) with minor amounts (~2%) of Cr-spinel mineral. Dunites are composed of olivine (90-95%), orthopyroxene (5-10%) with minor amounts (~1-2%) of Cr-spinel mineral. Composition range of olivines is between Fo89.46 Fa10.37 to Fo89.86 Fa10.0 as well as NiO content range is 018-046 (wt %). The calculated Mg# of olivines is 0.90 and the composition of olivines in Fo-Fa diagram is plotted in forsterite field. The end-members compo [...]
doi:10.22067/econg.v8i2.37949 doaj:7acb7ca8e82b49efb4996cbb98262534 fatcat:xwtowbfcbve6fjwc3elb7wizfy