Impact of Empowerment on Employee Turnover Intention: The Influence of Job Satisfaction
Proceedings of the 2017 2nd International Conference on Education, Management Science and Economics (ICEMSE 2017)
Recent studies show that the intention of manufacturing employee turnover remains a major problem in emerging economies. In particular, a lack of empowerment and job satisfaction means that the turnover of Pakistani employees in manufacturing firms remains high. This study investigates the mediating impact of job satisfaction on the relationship between empowerment and turnover intention. A purposive sample of 315 participants from the agricultural manufacturing industry in the region of Khyber
... he region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan, was selected for the study, and a cross-sectional survey was conducted. A selfadministrated survey questionnaire was distributed, and participants were asked to respond on a five-point Likert scale to questions regarding empowerment, job satisfaction, and turnover intention. SEM/SPSS were employed to analyze the data. Furthermore, a statistical analysis was conducted to test the mediating effects of job satisfaction on the relationship between empowerment and turnover intention. For the full mediating impact of job satisfaction on the relationship between empowerment and turnover intention, we obtained statistically significant results. Our study also determined a significant negative direct relationship between empowerment and turnover intention. Thus, job satisfaction not only significantly influences turnover intention, but also mediates the relationship between empowerment and turnover intention. The findings of this study contribute to the literature on turnover intention in the agricultural manufacturing industry by increasing understanding of the impact of job satisfaction and empowerment on turnover intention among manufacturing employees. This research provides important policy insights for managers in manufacturing industries seeking to increase empowerment and job satisfaction among their employees to reduce turnover intention.