Structures and vibrational spectra of CH3OCH2CH2OH: the hydrogen-bonded conformers

Francisco P. S. C. Gil, R. Fausto, A. M. Amorim da Costa, J. J. C. Teixeira-Dias
1994 Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions  
Ab initio calculations at the MP2/6-31G* and MP2/6-31G*//6-31G* levels have been carried out for the monomer of 2-methoxyethanol (CH,OCH,CH,OH). The MP2/6-31G* results indicate that the two more stable conformers (tGg' and gGg') display intramolecular hydrogen bonds directed from the hydroxy H atom to one of the lone pairs of the ether 0 atom, and that the tGg' conformer is 6.3 kJ mol-' more stable than the gGg' conformer. As the MP2/6-31G* and MP2/6-3lG*//6-31G* calculations do not yield
more » ... s differing by more than a few tenths of a kJ mol-', it is concluded that the structure-sensitive and the dynamic correlation corrections are far from being additive. While the optimization of geometry for the correlated wavefunction generally leads to increase of bond lengths and reduction of bond angles, on the whole the geometrical parameters undergo similar changes in different conformers. A b initio harmonic 6-31G* derived force fields were used to perform normal mode analyses for the more stable conformers. The calculated v(CH) frequencies are found to correlate linearly with some of the ab initio calculated CH bond lengths. An interpretation of the FTIR and Raman spectra for the liquid phase consonant with the structural and vibrational ab initio results is presented. Two spectral features observed both in Raman and in FTIR spectra and associated with v(0H) in monomeric species are ascribed to conformers, in accord with the theoretical and experimental results. On the whole, both the structural and the vibrational results presented point to a distinction between the hydrogen-bonded G-type conformers (tGg' and gGg') and the higher energy T-type conformers (tTg and tTt).
doi:10.1039/ft9949000689 fatcat:ksz3tace3vfkpo5i5sqzb2qew4