Nakajo-Nishimura Syndrome

Nobuo KANAZAWA, Kazuhiko ARIMA, Hiroaki IDA, Koh-ichiro YOSHIURA, Fukumi FURUKAWA
2011 Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology  
Nakajo-Nishimura syndrome (NNS) (MIM256040, ORPHA2615) is a distinct inherited in‰ammatory and wasting disease, which usually begins in early infancy with a pernio-like rash. The patients develop periodic high fever and nodular erythema-like eruptions, and gradually progress lipomuscular atrophy in the upper body, mainly the face and the upper extremities, to show the characteristic long clubbedˆngers with joint contractures. So far about 30 cases have been reported from Kansai, especially
more » ... ama and Osaka, Tohoku and Kanto areas. In addition to 10 cases in Kansai area, which have been conˆrmed to be alive by national surveillance, an infant case has newly been discovered in Wakayama and more cases will be added. Although cause of the disease has long been undeˆned, a homozygous mutation of the PSMB8 gene, which encodes the b5i subunit of immunoproteasome, has been identiˆed by homozygosity mapping. By analyses of the patients-derived cells and tissues, it has been suggested that accumulation of ubiquitinated and oxidated proteins due to deˆciency of proteasome activities cause hyperactivation of p38 MAPK and overproduction of IL 6. Similar diseases with PSMB8 mutations have recently been reported from Europe and the U.S.A., and therefore, it is becoming clear that proteasome deˆciency syndromes are globally distributed as a new category of the autoin‰ammatory diseases.
doi:10.2177/jsci.34.388 pmid:22041427 fatcat:tywkmxhgqrg5zdipeesrgsjzim