Electron-cyclotron wave scattering by edge density fluctuations in ITER

Christos Tsironis, Arthur G. Peeters, Heinz Isliker, Dafni Strintzi, Ioanna Chatziantonaki, Loukas Vlahos
2009 Physics of Plasmas  
The effect of edge turbulence on the electron-cyclotron wave propagation in ITER is investigated with emphasis on wave scattering, beam broadening, and its influence on localized heating and current drive. A wave used for electron-cyclotron current drive ͑ECCD͒ must cross the edge of the plasma, where density fluctuations can be large enough to bring on wave scattering. The scattering angle due to the density fluctuations is small, but the beam propagates over a distance of several meters up to
more » ... everal meters up to the resonance layer and even small angle scattering leads to a deviation of several centimeters at the deposition location. Since the localization of ECCD is crucial for the control of neoclassical tearing modes, this issue is of great importance to the ITER design. The wave scattering process is described on the basis of a Fokker-Planck equation, where the diffusion coefficient is calculated analytically as well as computed numerically using a ray tracing code.
doi:10.1063/1.3264105 fatcat:wahig6f4gvh7diajfhuaql3t5u