Development of the Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in Relation to Temperature: Table 1

Jeffery K. Tomberlin, Peter H. Adler, Heidi M. Myers
2009 Environmental Entomology  
The black soldier ßy, Hermetia illucens L., was reared on a grain-based diet at 27, 30, and 36ЊC. Survival of 4-to 6-d-old larvae to adults averaged 74 Ð97% at 27 and 30ЊC but was only 0.1% at 36ЊC. Flies required a mean of Ϸ4 d (11%) longer to complete larval and pupal development at 27ЊC than at 30ЊC. At 27 and 30ЊC, females weighed an average of 17Ð19% more than males but required an average of 0.6 Ð 0.8 d (3.0 Ð 4.3%) longer to complete larval development. At both temperatures, adult
more » ... lived an average of Ϸ3.5 d less than adult males. The duration of larval development was a signiÞcant predictor of adult longevity. Temperature differences of even 3ЊC produce signiÞcant Þtness tradeoffs for males and females, inßuencing life history attributes and having practical applications for forensic entomology.
doi:10.1603/022.038.0347 pmid:19508804 fatcat:rsx3zzixu5d3bdus7opcilwms4