Observation of Single-Photon Switching [article]

Yong-Fan Chen, Zen-Hsiang Tsai, Yu-Chen Liu, Ite A. Yu
2005 arXiv   pre-print
We report an experimental demonstration of single-photon switching in laser-cooled ^87Rb atoms. A resonant probe pulse with an energy per unit area of one photon per λ^2/2π propagates through the optically thick atoms. Its energy transmittance is greater than 63 e^-1 due to the effect of electromagnetically induced transparency. In the presence of a switching pulse with an energy per unit area of 1.4 photons per λ^2/2π, the energy transmittance of the same probe pulse becomes less than 37
more » ... by single switching photons has potential applications in single-photon-level nonlinear optics and the manipulation of quantum information.
arXiv:physics/0501155v1 fatcat:jrjfkd5stzf7bgx6yqfvs6satm