Access Points Planning in Urban Area for Data Dissemination to Drivers

Tan Yan, Wensheng Zhang, Guiling Wang, Yujun Zhang
2014 IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology  
Roadside infrastructure can greatly help disseminate data to drivers. In this paper, we study a fundamental problem, i.e., roadside infrastructure planning. We propose a class of algorithms named Tailor to select a minimum number of intersections to install the infrastructure. In the case when the traffic information is not available, we formulate the intersection selection problem, which formally proves its np-completeness, and provide novel heuristics, i.e., the adapted-bipartite-based
more » ... ics (ABS), to solve it, whose worst-case approximation ratio is 4/3. ABS bridges the planar graph and the bipartite graph through topology transformation. With ABS, the approximate solution to all the problems that are NP-hard in a general planar graph but polynomially solvable in a bipartite graph can be efficiently obtained in the planar graph. We also prove that, even with traffic information, the intersection selection problem remains NP-hard. Greedy heuristics is employed to balance the tradeoff between the number of selected intersections and the percentage of reached vehicles.
doi:10.1109/tvt.2013.2272724 fatcat:ikz66rynfjcn7ogtgol3katc3i